The essential condition for glasses and glass-ceramics to bond to living bone is the formation of a biologically active bone-like apatite layer on their surfaces in the body. In the present study, in order to investigate fundamentally the effect of B//2O//3 on the bioactivity of glasses and glass-ceramics, the compositional dependence of apatite formation on the surface of glasses in the system CaO-B//2O//3-SiO//2 was examined in the simulated body fluid. Substitution of small amounts of B//2O//3 for SiO//2 in CaO center dot SiO//2 formula increased the rate of apatite formation on the surface of the glass, while substitution of more than 30 mol% B//2O//3 for SiO//2 decreased it. The substitution of B//2O//3 for SiO//2 in CaO-SiO//2 binary glasses accelerated the dissolution of Ca(II) ion from the glasses, and hence enhanced the increasing rate of degree of supersaturation of the surrounding fluid with respect to apatite. The decrease in the apatite forming ability by substitution of large amounts of B//2O//3 for SiO//2 is attributed to the suppression of formation of silica hydrogel layer which plays an important role in apatite nucleation. (Author abstract) 22 Refs.
Ohtsuki, Chikara Kobayashi, Yukio Tsuru, Kanji Osaka, Akiyoshi